Speech recognition technology, also known as Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR), aims to convert vocabulary content in human speech into computer readable input such as buttons, binary codes or sequences of characters. Unlike speaker recognition and speaker confirmation, the latter attempts to identify or confirm the speaker who made the speech rather than the vocabulary content contained therein.
Applications of speech recognition technology include voice dialing, voice navigation, indoor device control, voice document retrieval, and simple dictation data entry. Speech recognition technology combined with other natural language processing techniques such as machine translation and speech synthesis technology can be used to build more complex applications, such as speech-to-speech translation.
The areas covered by speech recognition technology include: signal processing, pattern recognition, probability theory and information theory, vocal mechanism and auditory mechanism, artificial intelligence, and so on.
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