The small diaphragm and large diaphragm are used for condenser microphones. Large diaphragms have a diameter of at least 1 inch (2.54 cm). The large diaphragm microphone is often used for vocal recordings because it adds harmonics to the sound and makes the sound smoother. The small diaphragm microphone has a flat frequency response and sound is more natural, so it is commonly used for musical instrument recording.
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