Recording a grand piano/upright piano: Place two heart-shaped large diaphragm microphones approximately 8 to 16 inches (20 to 40 cm) above the strings. One is aligned to the treble area and the other is aligned to the bass area. Position the two microphones approximately 6 inches (15 cm) behind the pedals. As an alternative, you can also pick up the bass area from the back end of the grand piano so you can get a fuller bass sound. Upright piano: The method of picking up the opposite piano is the same as the method of picking up the grand piano. If the front cover is closed, you can align the microphone from above with the instrument inside. Remove the front cover to get a more airy sound.
Recording an acoustic guitar: A good way to pick up a guitar is to place a heart-shaped, large-diaphragm microphone near the sound hole and a small diaphragm microphone placed near the bridge or behind the body. Find the desired sound by adjusting the level ratio of the two microphones. Violin/Viola: Be sure to use a high quality heart-shaped condenser microphone. Align it with the soundboard at a right angle, aligning the f-hole from a height of approximately 6 to 8 feet (1.8 to 2.5 meters). The method of picking up the viola is the same as the method of picking up the violin, but it is a little farther away.
Recording a double bass: Align a heart-shaped microphone at one of the f-holes from a distance of approximately 16 inches (40 cm). If the double bass you recorded is ensembled with other instruments, use a supercardioid microphone to pick up the sound within a shorter distance to avoid interference from other instruments. Cello: First place a heart-shaped microphone in the same way as the sound of a double bass, and then place a microphone at a greater distance. Adjust the level of the close-range microphone to be about 20 decibels lower than the level of the remote microphone.
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