When recording vocals, the usual choice is that the microphone is about 20 cm away from the singer. The diaphragm of the microphone is parallel to the height of the singer's mouth. Depending on the situation, it can be as high as parallel to the nose or 5 cm below the mouth. The left and right off center axis can reach 2-3 cm. Usually, textbooks are often recommended for vocal recordings using large diaphragm condenser microphones and with a heart-shaped pointing. The large diaphragm microphone has the characteristics of warmth and wideness, and the medium and low frequency response is good. The heart-shaped pointing can effectively isolate the so-called room sound - that is, the sound that the sound is reflected by the room. However, this method usually has certain weaknesses. For example, for a singer who emphasizes the high-frequency performance, if the performance of the high-frequency is not sufficient, the singer's voice will appear to have all the characteristics.
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