The Functional System That Theater Design Must Pay Attention To

- Jun 20, 2018-

With the rapid development of China’s economy, the people’s material living standards have greatly improved, and the consumption needs at the spiritual and cultural level have also become more and more abundant. In the past 10 years, the country’s cultural and entertainment development and cultural infrastructure construction have also witnessed rapid development. A number of small theaters, theaters, and cultural centers have emerged as a symbolic monolithic building for cultural infrastructure. Theaters have also increasingly become a place of public concern and cultural consumption. The theater stage process design plays a pivotal role as the core part of the theater architectural design. It is said that architecture connects art and life, and the theater stage connects art and mind. Therefore, the design of a theater stage dominates this spiritual communication and exchange and becomes more and more important.

In the specific design work, based on the requirements of “achieving positioning, improving functions and ensuring use”, in particular, we must create a good hardware environment to meet the needs of normal operation and management after the theater is built. The design institute should be important in the use of the theater. The functional system has a relatively complete understanding. Based on the settlement of "yes" and "nothing," we will focus on how to make these systems better. Below you will learn about the eight functional systems that must be considered in theatre design.


1. Ticketing system

The ticketing system's construction space mainly includes a ticket office and a ticket hall. The choice of its location and its close relationship with the business in the future, it is best to set up a place where there is a lot of people, and at the same time we must consider the use of independent air conditioning, so as not to waste energy when not performing. In addition, it should also be equipped with a computer ticketing system. The ticketing system includes computer hosts, LED display screens, and small screens, and other hardware and software to achieve the functions of seat information release, location selection, ticketing, settlement, and statistics.


2. The band system

The band system is composed of the band's performance space, the band's rest space, and storage space for some devices. The main location is around the main stage and the orchestra's periphery. When playing a symphony, the band is arranged in the front area of the main stage, at this time to use the music back cover. When performing operas, ballets, and other programs, the band's work area is in Lechi. The band lounge should be located close to the orchestra in order to ensure that the band actor is quick and easy. Band-related pianos, musical instruments, music stand podiums and other equipment should also be placed in special rooms, especially the piano room. The environmental conditions are relatively high. They must have suitable temperature and humidity, and must meet certain acoustic requirements.


3. Caption system

According to the subtitles, there are two types of optical display and electronic display: slide projection and LED display. Slide projection screens are generally arranged on both sides of the platform, and LED screens are arranged on the outside of the platform and on both sides of the platform. Some theaters have fixed slide projection screens behind the LED vertical screens on both sides of the station, cleverly combining the two, and switching through flipping, enriching the form of expression and saving space.


4. Lighting system

The lighting system has a lighting equipment system and a building matching system related to the equipment system. Only the lighting equipment construction supporting systems related to architectural design are discussed here.

In the back area of the auditorium, inside the auditorium, in the stage area and in the back stage area, there are corresponding lighting facilities. In the back of the auditorium is a lighting control room, its size, size and position of the window, floor requirements, air conditioning requirements, electricity conditions and other related to the size of the lighting equipment system, should be specified by the lighting professional design requirements, architectural design to one by one implement.


5. Sound system

Sound systems, like lighting systems, also have their equipment and ancillary building systems. There must be a tuning room behind the auditorium, and the requirements are similar to that of a dimming room. In the dimming cabinet room corresponding to the auditorium on the other side of the auditorium should be set up, the purpose is to remotely adjust the light cabinet room, in order to avoid electromagnetic interference, affecting the quality of electro-acoustic. However, the sound reinforcement room must be close to the main speakers to improve the signal transmission quality.

In the auditorium, the main equipment is the main console speakers, which are located on the top and sides of the platform, and their position, angle, space size and power conditions must be set according to professional audio design requirements. If the speaker is installed, attention must be paid to coordination with the architectural acoustics professional to ensure that the form of the ceiling above the platform is conducive to acoustic reflection requirements.


6. The ticket checking system

The ticket checking system is relatively simple. It is made up of a series of hardware and software. The test methods of different coupon forms and post-inspection processing methods are also different. This is mainly determined by the design of the theater weak current system, and is not limited by the architectural design. However, as an important functional system of the theater, designers should have sufficient understanding and understanding of their functions and principles in order to grasp the design of the theater as a whole.


7. Troupe work system

The troupe is a complete organization. Its normal operation requires many functional areas to provide support for it. The troupe work system is a system that provides comprehensive protection for the troupe's performance activities. There are theatre offices and conference rooms related to the troupe management; scenes, painted scenes, and soft and hard landscaped rooms related to the set; conductors and band lounges, orchestra storage rooms related to the band; makeup related to make-up Room, set room, prop room, etc.; there are temporary storage, rest, canteen and other service facilities and bathroom facilities.

8. Theatre management work system

The theater management work system is not only the theatre management company's own work system, but also a service system for theatre companies and audiences. The departmental offices, conference rooms and locker rooms, sanitary ware, shift dormitories, and internal working restaurants belong to its own work system. The departments for the troupe include the business department, technical department, engineering department, security department, and internal working restaurant; there are Ticketing Department, Performance Service Department, Food and Beverage Department, Professional Shop, etc. Work systems and service systems each have their own technical requirements, and design institutes should make overall considerations based on understanding the usage and use requirements.


In short, the eight main systems in the above-mentioned theater, each of which is composed of its own subsystems, each have special technical requirements. These systems work together to make the theater an organic whole, providing a good working environment for audiences, theater companies, media and theater management companies, and creating hardware and software foundations for various performance art forms. Designers' in-depth understanding of these eight systems can greatly improve the design quality of the theater and provide the project managers with the management level and the conditions for completing the management objectives.



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