Various electroacoustic transducers, although of their different types, functions or operating conditions, contain two basic components, an electrical system and a mechanical vibration system.
Inside the transducer, the electrical system and the mechanical vibration system are interconnected by some physical effect to complete the energy conversion. Externally, the electrical system of the transducer matches the output loop of the signal generator, or the input loop of the preamplifier. The mechanical vibration system of the transducer is matched to the sound field by its vibrating surface.
The design of electro-acoustic transducers must take into account the three systems of force-electric-acoustic. These three systems are mutually restrained. If they are not handled well, they will often lose sight of each other.
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