Sound amplifying system can be divided into the following categories according to their uses:
(1) Outdoor sound amplifying system
The outdoor sound amplifying system is mainly used for stadiums, stations, parks, art squares, music fountains, etc. It is characterized by large service area, wide space and large background noise; sound transmission is mainly direct sound; required sound pressure level is high, if there are acoustic reflection objects such as high-rise buildings around, the speaker layout is not reasonable, sonic wave multiple reflections and more than 50ms delay will cause double or multiple sounds. In severe cases, echoes and other problems will occur, affecting the clarity and sound image localization of the sound. The acoustics of outdoor systems are also affected by climatic conditions, wind direction and environmental disturbances.
(2) Indoor sound amplifying system
The indoor sound amplifying system is the most widely used system, including various theaters, stadiums, dance halls and so on. Its professionalism is very strong; it can not only use non-verbal sound reinforcement, but also can be used for all kinds of cultural performances, and has high requirements on sound quality. System design must consider not only electro-acoustic technology issues, but also architectural acoustics. Factors such as the shape of the room have a greater impact on sound quality.
(3) Mobile performance system
The sound amplifying system has a flow system in addition to the fixed installation system. It is commonly used in various large-scale venues such as stadiums (halls), art broadcasts, and large-scale banquet halls. The system for temporary installation of non-literary performances is called the mobile performance system. The audio equipment of the mobile performance must be compact, easy to carry, transport and install, highly reliable and adaptable to a variety of demanding environments. Large-scale mobile systems are heavily invested and are usually leased to professional audio companies.
(4) Public broadcasting system
The public broadcasting system provides background music and radio programs for hotels, commercial buildings, ports, airports, subways, and schools. In recent years, the public broadcasting system has also served as an emergency broadcast, which can be linked with the fire alarm system. The public address system has many control functions, such as the selection broadcast and full call broadcast function, the forced switching function, and the priority broadcast right function. The speaker has a large load and is dispersed, and the transmission line is long. In order to reduce the transmission line loss, 70V or 100V constant voltage and high impedance transmission are generally adopted. Sound pressure level requirements are not high, and the sound quality is dominated by midrange and mid-high.
(5) Conference system
With the increase of domestic and international exchanges, teleconferences, video conferences and digital conference systems (DCN) have developed rapidly in recent years. Conference systems are widely used in conference centers, hotels, groups, and government agencies.
The conference system includes a conference discussion system, a voting system, a simultaneous interpretation system, and a video teleconferencing system. The audio and video (image) systems are required to be synchronized, and all computer controlled and stored conference materials are used.
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